Despre cultul bizantin al sfinţilor militari în Ţaratul Asăneştilor / about the byzantine cult of the warrior saints in the Asen`s tsardom
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||The Asen erected at Turnovo a church dedicated to the great martyr Dimitry the Vanquisher, whom God has chosen to set them free from the Byzantine oppression. The presence of the warrior saint among the rebels was a guarantee of their success and stimulation for their future actions. The insurgents were united under the same ideal: exemption of the Balkan (Haemus) Mountains inhabitants from the Byzantine despotism, an endeavour seen as rightful throughout the attendance of Saint Dimitry send by God to fight for faith. The warrior into the right belief is a leitmotif of the Asen politics. The idea of the high protection of the divinity was implemented strongly into the Balkan mentality and became a confirmation for Asen right to claim the political authority of the First Bulgarian Tsardom.
Asan the First and his brother Peter celebrated the victory over Byzantine
army on battlefield in the Trjavna pass, by building a church dedicated to the Great Archangel Michael, thus developing the tradition of the warrior saints, began with Saint Dimitry from Turnovo. Ioan Asan the Second build-up an „imperial“ church choosing as patron
saints the 40 Martyrs, commemorating the death of his soldiers on the battlefield of Klokotnitza on the 9th of March 1230. His option for the name of the church wasn’t a coincidence, since the sovereign adopts an „imperial“ attitude, based on a dedicated imperial ideology. In the same spirit, the sovereign became the high protector of the Zographou Bulgarian monastery, a monument having Saint George as patron saint and, especially, to the Vatopedi monastery, for which he issued a chrysobull, a document which following the tradition is accompanied by a series of gifts and ecclesial privileges. The presence of these religious edifices and the continuity of the thematic compositions, varied as an artistic gender, with special reference to the Byzantine cult of the military saints, reflect an „imperial“ political ideology of Byzantine origin, outlining on the same time the devotion of the Asen dynasty for this cult.
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